The guidelines are designed for use by national public health officials and managers of HIV/AIDS and STI (sexually transmitted infections) programmes, NGOs and health workers. They contain MSM-specific programme activities such as the use of water- and silicone-based lubricant for the correct functioning of condoms during anal sex.
The guidelines do not advise medical male circumcision – a measure WHO recommends for HIV prevention among heterosexual men – for HIV prevention among MSM due to the lack of sufficient research on its effect of its use in MSM sexual activity.
They further recommend that health services adhere to the principles of medical ethics and the right to health, and ensure that MSM feel comfortable enough to seek medical care, with MSM-specific health needs catered for within national health systems.
“Like many other African countries, all men in South Africa are assumed to be straight, so health workers are not aware of the need to identify people of different sexualities during consultations; outside of centres like ours, there is little competency in providing health care to MSM,” said Rebe. “By availing this knowledge, the guidelines will empower health workers to provide better care to MSM.”
In countries like Uganda, where homophobia is deeply entrenched both within society and the law, gay rights groups hope the new guidelines will serve as a wake-up call to the government about the need to include MSM in HIV programming.
“I hope the new guidelines will be an eye-opener to the government, who have so far ignored MSM within HIV prevention, treatment and support; it should show them that MSM exist in Uganda and are at high risk,” said Frank Mugisha, executive director of the NGO Sexual Minorities Uganda. “They therefore cannot be ignored and urgently require HIV interventions.”
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